Breast cancer currently affects 1 in 8 women in the UK during their lifetime. Perigenital spread may pose a risk of marginal misses in IMRT in anal cancer. No significant differences were found between men and women regarding vascularity of the rectal wall or mesorectal fat at either middle or low levels. Table 2 presents the vascular parameters for the rectum and the mesorectum at the middle and low levels. Net Content is peer reviewed and Cancer.
Content is reviewed annually or as needed.
The anal position index: a simple method to define the normal position of the anus in neonate.
The mean API was 1. Evaluation of the inner structures at the upper and middle levels showed that the vascular percentage and index for the IAS were significantly higher at the upper level than at the middle level. Significantly more false-negative cases lacked a TZ component compared with either true-positive or true-negative cases. Two patients presented a late grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity anal incontinence. The prospect of endoscopic submucosal dissection for early anal canal squamous cell carcinoma.